Three Macron laws: what reforms are pushed by France's new president
Liberalization of labor legislation is one of the President's priorities. From next week, Emmanuelle Macron will start implementing the first reforms promised to him during the election campaign. On the three most important measures on the nearest agenda of the French president.
The fight against corruption: the law "on the return of confidence in a democratic life"
The main points of the law: a ban on parliamentarians to hire relatives; the ban on consulting services in parallel with the work in Parliament; prohibition to occupy elective offices for those who have a criminal record on corruption cases; limiting the financing of political parties and imposing a tax on the amounts that deputies receive as a reimbursement of their parliamentary expenses (€ 5,372 monthly); In addition, officials, parliamentarians, and ministers will have to provide a thorough account not only of their finances but also of the money and property of their family members.
Macron also plans to stop practice when the president of the country after his resignation had the right to take his place in the Constitutional Council. Macron believes that this rule prevents, among other things, impartial verification of the "constitutionality" of the laws adopted during the reign of the former president.
Amendments to the Constitution must also be made in order to impose a ban on the majority of elected persons to occupy an identical post for more than three consecutive terms and in order to prohibit ministers from simultaneously leading regions - as was the case, for example, with Jean-Yves Le Drenan, who President Ollande all five years occupied not only the post of Minister of Defense but also the post of the head of the region of Brittany. By the way, on Friday, June 2, Le Drian, who became head of the Foreign Ministry under Macron, resigned from his post as head of the region.
Criticism: opponents of the law believe that he will beat the hunt for anyone to put forward his candidacy for the office of a parliamentarian or work in the civil service. "Since 1993, 12 laws on the transparency of political life have been adopted," recalled the deputy from the right-wing Republican Party Georges Fenech. "Ban all deputies, and one day you will not have any deputies at all."
In addition, the opponents of Macron recall that in relation to his political supporters, he is not so strict: the Minister of Regional Development Richard Ferran (who previously headed the political movement Macron "Forward!") On May 24 became a politician-financial scandal, but still remains in the Cabinet of Ministers. Moreover, the head of government speaks of his complete confidence in Ferran. However, his resignation is probably a matter of a short time. Moreover, although at the second attempt, but the prosecutor's office began on June 1 with respect to Ferran a preliminary investigation.
The fight against terrorism: the creation of an operational group of the president
June 7 at a meeting of the French Security Council Emmanuel Macron should announce the creation of a special anti-terrorist task force subordinate to the president. The group (which Macron calls the English manner of the task force) will unite from 50 to 60 anti-terrorism specialists from various departments: intelligence, police, the army, and even from the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Transport.
In addition to creating the task force, it is planned to adopt new legislative measures that strengthen the powers of the police and intelligence in the fight against terrorism. It is planned that some measures that can now be taken only when declaring a state of emergency will become a daily reality. And while new laws are not adopted, Macron plans to extend the state of emergency, which is still in force in France until July 15, for another three and a half months - until November 1, 2017.
Criticism: opponents of creating task force say that something similar exists at the Elysee Palace since 2008 when the National Intelligence Council was established. In addition, over the past 30 years, France has adopted about 30 anti-terrorism laws, which did not lead to an increase in security.
In turn, Christoph Kastaner, the official representative of the French government, says that now it is about creating a real working group with broad powers - a group that will deal with issues of ensuring terrorist security "day and night." In addition, he promises that from now on an integrated approach will be used in the fight against terrorism, and every aspect will be taken into account: for this reason, for example, a person from the Ministry of Education will enter the task force under the president: "the radicalization" of certain French citizens is planned "at early stages ".
Liberalization of labor legislation: reforms through presidential decrees
Finally, another important measure for France - the law on giving the president additional powers in the matter of changing labor laws. The law, due to be submitted to the parliament in July, provides the president with the opportunity to reform labor legislation through decrees. Prime Minister Edouard Philip stated that a series of necessary decrees would then be adopted until September 21.
It is planned that thanks to these decrees, Macron will make the labor law (the so-called "El Comrie law") more liberal, adopted during the reign of President Hollande, and which caused a series of mass protests in the country in the spring and summer of 2016.
Criticism: against the liberalization of labor legislation, most leftists and ultra-leftists (including the leader of the movement "Unruly France" Jean-Luc Melanchon, who won about 20% of the vote in the first round of the presidential elections), as well as the leader of the ultra-right National Front Marine Le Pen. They accuse Macron that he "is on the brink" of large capital to the detriment of the interests of "ordinary French."
Macron promises to soften some of the norms of the "El Comrie law" in order to reduce the influence of liberal measures on the well-being of "ordinary French". For the sake of reducing the risk of a new wave of social protests, Macron held a series of meetings with trade union leaders and representatives of industry associations in May.
Nevertheless, he is unlikely to avoid protests.